Everybody has heard of the Nobel Peace Prize. Over the years, it has honored people for doing great things. Teddy Roosevelt in 1906 for negotiating the end of the Russo-Japanese War, George Marshall in 1953, Norman Borlaug in 1970 for the green revolution, and Lech Walesa in 1983.
There have been deserving winners recently, too, such as Malala Yousafzai, a 15-year Pakistani girl, who won in 2014 after being shot in the head by the Taliban for going to school and writing about it, and Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese human rights activist, who won in 2010 but was not allowed to go to Oslo to collect the prize (surprise). He also became just the second winner to die in custody.
Others, however, have been questionable, such as Kofi Annan and the United Nations in 2001. (The people of Rwanda were not consulted. See, inter alia, here and here.) Three recent winners seem to have won mostly because they weren’t George W. Bush: Jimmy Carter in 2002,1 Al Gore in 2007 (he should have won the presidential election in 2000), and Barack Obama in 2009 (George W. Bush was finally gone). Also, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won in 2013. We have seen how successful they have been.